Department of ReligionKenyon College homepage

Mary Suydam 

Religion 101: Introduction to the Study of Religion: Fall 2013

Prof. Mary Suydam

Merriam Webster Online Dictionary
  The Bible Unbound

Class: MWF 10:10 - 11


Phone PBX 5067


Ten Commandments for Essay Writing

Office: Ascension 011

Twenty Rules Not to Follow

Film Viewing Guidelines

Office Hours: M - W-: 2:10 - 3 and T-Th 1-2:30

The Academic Study of Religion
  Defining Religion


The Seven Dimensions of Religion

Timelines and Glossaries

Chronology of Hinduism: Literature Glossary of Terms: Islam
Background for the Bhagavad Gita Glossary of Terms: Hinduism
Christianity: Timeline Glossary of Terms: Buddhism
Ancient and Early Rabbinic Judaism: Timeline Glossary of Terms: Christianity

Goals of the Course

The aim of this course is to enable you to think clearly and critically, from an academic rather than a devotional perspective, about the various human phenomena that we call "religious". The academic study of religion takes a global and pluralistic approach, looking at religion critically while attempting to understand religious phenomena from the perspectives of participants. Learning the ways in which scholars attempt this "double stance" - critical yet empathetic - is a major goal of this course.

A second major goal of this course is to introduce you to some of the basic concepts and categories that are used by scholars in the academic study of religion. The major categories that we will study this semester are: IDENTITY, MYTH, MORALITY (or ethics), in terms of both INDIVIDUALS AND SOCIETY, RITUAL, and the SACRED.

These concepts do not exist in an abstract vacuum but were created as tools to understand specific religious phenomena. Therefore, a third major goal of the course is to introduce you to some of the major religious traditions and to see how these concepts help us to understand these traditions better. The traditions that we will survey this semester are Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism. In our study, we will learn 1) some of the basic worldviews of each tradition, 2) how the traditions have developed historically, and 3) how religion shapes and is shaped by cultures.

Course Requirements

This course is structured as a collaborative exchange of information between students and professor. The format of the class is a combination of lecture and discussion. Active discussion of the topics is a critical component of this class. Missing more than two classes or two weekly assignments will lower your final grade by one full point (B becomes C, for example). That being said, you should not come to class if you are sick. Instead, contact me by email before class. Before the next class write a short (1 typed page) paper explaining a point you would have made about that day's reading had you been there. Grades will be based upon:

There will be weekly writing assignments each week to aid in preparing for discussions of the texts. Because critical reading of the texts is so important, you will be assigned a study partner for this class. Reading and assignments will be done as a partnership. Some writing will be in-class; some will be done outside of class and brought to the class.  Click here for weekly grading guidelines. All assignments are due on the day assigned. Without prior permission of the instructor, failure to turn in an assignment or to take one of the tests will result in a zero on that assignment.

Refer to Guidelines for the Annotated Bibliography Project



Lawrence Cunningham and John Kelsay, eds., The Sacred Quest: An Invitation to the Study of Religion, 3rd edition (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2002)

Malcolm X as told to Alex Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X. NY: Ballantine Books.

Barbara Miller, trans., The Bhagavad Gita.

The Bible: Note: You may buy a copy suggested for this class in the bookstore, use your own copy of the Bible, or download sections you need from the Online Bible listed on the course website)

Course Outline


Week 1:Aug. 30, Sept 2, 4, 6: Intro to class; the academic study of religion.


Huff, Religion: A Search for Meaning, chapter 1" "Who Am I? Who Are We?", 2-23 (E-Res)

The Autobiography of Malcolm X, chapters 1-3; 4-8

Film: Inside Mecca

World Religions Reader: Raimundo Panikkar, "Each Religion Expresses an Important Part of the Truth" and John Charlot, "The Hula in Hawaiian Life and Thought"(P/Class)

Hula video

Assignment 1  

Week 2: Sept. 9, 11, 13: Identity and Community: Symbols  


The Autobiography of Malcolm X, chapters 9-11, 12-14

Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapters 1 and 2

Huff, Religion: A Search for Meaning, chapter 2, "How Do We Communicate? Symbols and Identity" (E-Res)

Film: Inside Mecca

Qur'an Excerpts

World Religions Reader: "Veve: The Sacred Symbol of Vodoun" (P/Class)

Background: Haiti, Catholicism, and the Lwa

Some Catholic Saints Matched with Lwa

Click here to see some Veve images

Assignment 2  

Week 3: Sept. 16, 18, 20: Identity and Community: Ritual  


Autobiography of Malcolm X, chapters 16-17

Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 5

Film: Malcolm X

Tom Driver, "Transformation: The Magic of Ritual" (E-Res)

Richard Sosis, "The Adaptive Value of Religious Ritual" (P/Class)

Friday: Test 1: Islam

Studying Ritual



Week 4: Sept. 23, 25, 27, : Myth; Hinduism

Monday: Film:  330 Million Gods


Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 4, "The Language of the Sacred"

World Religions Reader: "Sun Mother Wakes the World" (P/Class)

Genesis, chapters 1-2

Bhagavad Gita, chapters 1-4

Indian Ritual

Assignment 3  

Week 5: Sept. 30, Oct. 2, 4: Myth in Hinduism  

Monday: Library Research Strategies


Bhagavad Gita, chapters 5-9

Cunningham: Myth Outline

Eliade, "The Structure of Myth" (E-Res)

The Parade of Ants (E-Res)

Assignment 4



Week 6: Oct. 7,9: Hinduism


Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 8

Bhagavad Gita, chapters 10-14

Test 2:  Hinduism



Week 7: Oct. 14, 16, 18: Buddhism

Film: Footprint of the Buddha

Milinda's Chariot, The Man Who Lost his Body (P/Class)

Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 7

Parable of the Burning House,

Bibliography Topics due



Week 8: Oct. 21, 23, 25: Mahayana Buddhism

Sign Up Sheet: Paper Bibliographies


Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 3

Nagarjuna on Emptiness; The Skillful Means of Vimalakirti (P/Class, in "Experience of Buddhism", pp. 9-19 )

"The Sacred is Complete Emptiness" (P/Class/ . . . Articles)

Going for Refuge and Taking the Precepts

Strong, Experience of Buddhism: Sangha (P/Class)

The Beginnings of Buddhism (P/Class/. . .Articles)

Assignment 5


Week 9: Oct. 28, 30, Nov. 1: Buddhism test; Christian beginnings


Test 3: Buddhism

Selections from the gospels:  Matthew 1:18 - 2:23; chapter 5 ; chapter 24:29-35; chapter 25: 31-46; 27:11 - 28: Luke 2: 1-20; John, chapter 1; Mark chapters 14-16

Selections from Paul:  Romans chapters 5-7; 1 Corinthians chapters 13 -15; 1 Thessalonians chapters 4-5


Week 10: Nov. 4, 6, 8: Christianity  


Letter of Bishop Clement

Irenaeus of Lyons on the Apostolic Tradition

Pope Gregory excommunicates Henry IV

Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 9

Otto, The Idea of the Holy, chapter 1, excerpts (E-Res)

The Death of Joseph Smith (E-Res)

Pope Boniface VIII: Unam Sanctam

Anagni, 1303

Rule of the Franciscan Order

Poem Criticizing the Avignon Papacy

Martin Luther, The Three Walls of the Romanists (The Second Wall)


Assignment 6

List of Sources due in correct bibliograpy format


Week 11: Nov. 11, 13, 15: Christianity  


Cunningham, Sacred Quest, chapter 6


Readings on the Question of Christian Authority

Creed of the Council of Trent

Resuscitating Passion (in P/Class . . . Articles)

Wednesday: Test 4: Christianity; Readings in Judaism (in class)

Roman Arch of Titus (81 C.E.)

Mishnah Sample 1

Mishnah Avot

Talmud Sample

Friday: Film: Protestant Spirit USA

Nov. 15: Short Paragraph explaining paper topic, thesis, and 1 sample annotation due


Week 12: Nov. 18, 20, 22: Putting it Together: Holiness, Community, and Society: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam



Exodus 2-20

Psalm 137

Rivers of Babylon: The Melodians

Interactive Seder Plate

Miriam's Cup

America the Beautiful (lyrics)

American the Beautiful

Go Down Moses
For the Strength of the Hills

For the Strength of the Hills (Lyrics)

Go Down Moses, another version Exodus clip

The Stations of the Cross

The Stations of the Cross: Catholic Encyclopedia Online

St. Veronica

Via Dolorosa


P/Class/Articles: 1) The Politics of Holiness in Jerusalem

2)The Dome of the Rock: Jerusalem's Epicenter

3)The Sacred Space of Judaism

Maps of Jerusalem in different time periods

Assignment 7

Completed Annotated Bibliography Assignment due.

  ---------------THANKSGIVING BREAK-----------------
Week 13: Dec. 2, 4, 6: Putting it Together:

Holiness, Community, and Society: Hinduism

Monday: Film: Excerpts from the Mahabharata

Jerusalem Insights

For Wednesday:


P/Class/Articles: "Seeing the Sacred"

Assignment 8a

What is Puja? Smithsonian Guide

Some Observations on Brook's film

Bhagavad Gita, chapters 17-18

For Friday:

World Religions Reader: "The Sacred is the One True Reality of Brahman"

Assignment 8


Week 14: Dec. 9, 11, 13: Putting it Together:

Holiness, Community and Society: Buddhism

Monday: Film: Mandala: the Sacred Circle of Vajrabhairava

Readings: (Wednesday)

Buddhist pilgrimage: the Bodhi Tree

Mt. Kailasa, Tibet

Stupas around Mt. Kailash

Dalai Lama's Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech

Friday: The Rocket Festival, Pirit Chanting, Victor's Cage (Experience of Buddhism, pp. 20-28 in P/Class/Religion/Suydam)

Friday, May 3 : Assignment 9
Tibetan Sand Mandala Example
Tibetan Sand Mandala

Final Exam handed out in class Friday, Dec. 13. Take-home portion will be due at the beginning of the in-class exam, Dec. 16.

Exam date: Monday, Dec. 16 at 7at 1:30 in the regular classroom.