Amon R.M.W. and R. Bennner, 1998. "Seasonal Patterns of Bacterial Abundance and Production in the Mississippi River Plume and Their Importance for the Fate of enhanced primary production." Microbial Ecology 35:289-300.
Antweiler R.C., Goolsby, D.A. and Taylor H.E. "Nutrients in the Mississippi River" Available: http://waisqvarsa.er.usgs.gov/public/pubs/circ1133/nutrients.html [date visited 10/3/99, last modified 10/1/96]
Antweiler R.C. and Taylor H.E. Spatial Distribution of Nutrients in the Mississippi River System. Proceeding of the 1st Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Management Conference Dec. 5-6 1995. Available: http://pilican.gmpo.gov/nutrients/front.html [date visited 10/3/99]
Archer Daniels Midland Corp (ADM). Available: http://www.adm.com [date visited 9/27/99]
Baden, S.P., L.O. Loo, L. Pihl and R. Rosenberg. 1990. “Effects of Eutrophication on Benthic Communities Including Fish: Swedish west coast.” Ambio 19: 113-122.
Boesch, D.F., and N.N. Rabalais. 1991. “Effects of hypoxia on continental shelf benthos: Comparisons between the New York Bight and the Northern Gulf of Mexico.” In Tyson, R.V., and T.H. Pearson (eds), Modern and Ancient Continental Shelf Anoxia. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 58: 27-34.
Boesch, D.F. and R. Rosenberg. 1981. “Response to Stress in Marine Benthic Communities.” Stress Effects on Natural Ecosystems, G.W. Barret and Rosenberg (eds.), Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 179-200.
Brookes, Martin, 1998. “ Running Wild.” New Scientist 160 (2158): 50-2.
CNN, Available: http://www.cnn.com [date visited 10/30/99]
Caddy, J. 1993. “Toward a Comparative Evaluation of Human Impacts on Fishery Ecosystems of Enclosed and Semi-enclosed Seas.” Review of Fishery Science.
Cooperative Extension Service, University of Indiana at Urbana-Champaign Available: http://www.ag.uiuc.edu/~vista/html_pubs/econ/ [date visited 11/15/99]
Costanza and Daly. 1987. "Towards and Ecological Economics". Ecological Modelling. 38 (1-7)
Curtiss, Charles F., 1999. "Producing Profits". Available: http://www.ncga.com/02profits/know_grow_guidelines.html [Date visited 10/10/99, last updated 8/23/99]
Diaz, R.J, and R. Rosenberg. 1995. “Marine Benthic Hypoxia: A Review of its Ecological Effects and the Behavioral Responses of Benthic Macrofauna.” Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 33:245-303.
EDF. EPA Asked to Limit Genetically Engineered Corn to Protect Butterflies. Available: EDF@EDF.org [last modified 7/13/99, date visited 9/19/99]
EPA Available: http://www.epa.gov/owow/watershed/trading.html [date visited 11/15/99]
EPA Available: http://www.epa.gov/owow/watershed/trading.html [date visited 11/15/99]
EPA Available: http://www.epa.gov/owow/tmdl/ [date visited 11/15/99]
Ethical Investing. Monsanto Terminator Technology--Worldwide Farmine and Starvation. Available: www.ethicalinvesting.com
Epstein, Ron, 1999. “Ethical Dangers of Genetic Engineering.” Synthesis/ Regeneration 20
Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential, "Environmental unsustainable soybean production." Available: http://www.uia.org/uiademo/pro/j0331.html [Date visited 10/9/99]
Epstein, Ron, 1998. “Ethical and Spiritual Issues in Genetic Engineering.” Ahimsa Voices: A Quarterly Journal for the Promotion of Universal Values 5(4): 6-7
FAO/WHO, http://www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/economic/esn/biotech/introduc.htm, 1996.
Fagan, John B., “Genetically Engineered Food: A Serious Health Risk.” Available: http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~rone/GEF%20Essays/GEF%20Health%20Risk%20Fagan.htm [date visited 3/90/99]
The Fertilizer Institute Available: http://www.tfi.org [date visited 10/10/99]
Foster, John. 1999. "Butterflies bearing grenades." The Washington Times, 9/20/99, pp A18.
Fox Market Wire. “Study: Genetically Engineered Corn Harms Butterflies.” Available: www.fox.com. [last updated 5/ 20/99]
Frankel, Doris, Sept. 7, 1999. "US grain merchants paying up for non-GMO crops." Reuters Business Report. Available: http://www.biotech-info.net/grain_merchants2.html [Date visited 10/10/99, last updated 8/23/99]
Gazey, W.J., B.J. Galloway, R.C. Fechhelm, L.R. Martin, and L.A. Reitsema.1982. Shrimp Mark and Release and Port Review Sampling Survey of Shrimp Catch and Effort With Recovery of Captured Tagged Shrimp. Vol. III, 306 pages. In W.B. Jackson (ed.), Shrimp population Studies: West Hackberry and Big Hill brine disposal sites off southwest Louisiana and upper Texas coasts,1980-1982. Department of Commerce NOAA/NMFS Final Report to U.S. Department of Energy.
Goolsby, D.A., W.A. Battaglin, G. B. Lawrence, R. S. Artz, B.T. Aulenbach, R.P. hooper, D.R. Keeney, and G.J. Stensland. Flux and Sources of Nutrients in the Mississippi-Atchafalaya River Basin: Topic 3 Report. Submitted to House Office of Science and Technology Policy Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Hypoxia Work Group. May 1999.
Greenway, M. 1997. “Nutrient Content of Wetland Plants in Constructed Wetlands Receiving Municipal Effluent in Tropical Australia.” Wat. Sci. Tech, 35:(135-142)
The Guardian. “Guardian spin on terminator tech and global dominance.” Available: users.westnet.gr. [last updated 4/15/98]
Gulf of Mexico Program Office http://www.gmpo.gov [date visited 11/15/99]
Hackson, W.A., L.E. Asmussen, E.W. Hauser, and A.W. White. 1973. “Nitrate in Surface and Subsurface Flow From a Small Agricultural Watershed.” Journal of Environmental Quality 2:480-482.
Hanifen, James et. all. 1997. “Potential Impacts of Hypoxia on Fisheries: Louisiana’s Fishery- Independent Data.” Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, Marine Fisheries Division.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (http://www.fao.org/ur/) [date visited 11/01/99]
Foreign Agricultural Service (http://www.fas.usda.gov/) [date visited11/01/99]
Harper, D.E., McKinney, L.D., Nance, J.M. and R.B. Salzer. 1991. “Recovery responses of two benthic assemblages following an acute hypoxic event on the Texas continental shelf, northwestern Gulf of Mexico.” Modern and Ancient Continental Shelf Anoxia. R.V. Tyson and T.H. Pearson (eds.). London: Geological Society Special Publication No. 58, pp. 49-64.
Herman E. Daly. 1992. “ Allocation, Distribution, and Scale: Towards an Economics that is Efficient, Just, and Sustainable.” Ecological Economics 6: (185-193)
Ho, Dr. Mae-Wan. 1998.“Perils Amid Promises of Genetically Modified Foods” Available: http://www.greenpeace.org/-comms/cbio/geperil.html
Holliday, M.C. and B.K. O'Bannon. 1997. Fisheries of the United States, 1997. Current Fishery Statistics No. 9700, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., 156 pp.
Horne A. and C. Goldman, Limnology, Second Edition
Internation fertilizer industry association Available: http://www.fertilizer.org [date visited 10/10/99]
Iowa Farm Bureau Federation Availble: http://www.ifbf.org/govt_action/eviro.asp [date visited 10/29/99]
Johnson, Dale. 1999. "Hypoxia issue studied...Farmers Question Claims of Nitrogen Killing Fish." Spokesman.
Joseph Des Jardins. Environmental Ethics: an Introduction to Environmental Philosophy. Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, Ca: 1997
Kay, Jane. 1999. "Altered crops prompt calls for labeling: Scary concerns for health haunt bioengineering." The Washington Times, 7/19/1999, pp A12
Kelly M.G. and B.A. Whitton, 1998. "Biological Monitoring of Eutrophication in Rivers." Hydrobiologia, 384: 55-67
Kennedy, Paul. Preparing for the Twenty-First Century. Vintage Books, a division of Random House, Inc., New York, 1993, all pages.
Kew, Judy. 1999. “U.S. Scurries to Scuttle Biotech Trade, Curbs Fate of Gene-Altered Produce, Splits Factions at Columbian Conference” Florida Today. Available: http//www.natural-law.ca/genetic/NewsJan-Feb99/GEN2-23CdaUkColumbia.html
Kirschenmann, Frederick, June 7,1999. "Biotechnology on the Ground: What Kind of Future Can Farmers Expect and What Kind Should They Create-" 1999 National Agricultural Biotechnology Council Meeting. Available: http:// www.biotech-info.net/biotech_on the_ground.html [Date visited 10/10/99, last updated 6/21/99]
Jeffrey Kluger. 1999. "Food Fight: The Battle Heats up Between the U.S. and Europe over Genetically Engineered Crops." Time Magazine 9/13/99.
Kucharski, William A. "Hypoxia in the Gulf-- Who's Problem Is It-" Available: www.gmpo.gov/nutrient [last modified 11/ 1/99]
Lehrman, Sally, Sept. 1999. "GM backlash leaves US farmers wondering how to sell their crops." Available: http:// www.biotech-info.net/GM_backlash.html [Date visited 10/10/99, last updated 9/16/99]
Libby, Ronald T. 1998. Eco-Wars: Political Campaigns and Social Movements. Columbia University Press, New York
Logan, T.R., G.W. Randall and D.R. Timmons. 1980. “Nutrient content of tile drainage from cropland in the North Central Region.” North Central Reg. Tes. Publ. 268. OARDC Res. Bull. 1119.OARDC, Wooster, OH.
Lowery, T.A. 1998. “Modeling Estuarine Eutrophication in the Context of Hypoxia, Nitrogen Loadings, Stratification, and Nutrient Ratios.” Journal of Environmental Management 52: 289-305.
Mitsch, W.J., J.W. Day, Jr., J.W. Gilliam, P.M. Groffman, D.L. Hey, G.W. Randall, and N.Wang. Reducing Nutrient Loads, Especially Nitrate-Nitrogen, to Surface Water, Groundwater, and the Gulf of Mexico: Topic 5 Report. March 1999.
Mack, Debbie, Oct. 31 1998. “Food for All.” New Scientist 160 (2158):50-52
Masood, Ehsan. “Monsanto Set to Back Down Over 'Terminator Gene'.” Nature 396: 12/10/98.
McGee, Glenn, “Ethical Issues in Genetics in the Next 100 Years.” UNESCO Asian Bioethics Conference. Kobe and Fukui Japan, 11/6/97
McQuaid, John et. all. 1996. “Oceans of Trouble: Are the Worlds Fisheries Doomed-” The Times Picayune Available: http://spj.org/sdxawards96/08pubservice/tp1d01.html
Meade, R.H. "Setting: Geology, Hydrology, Sediments, and Engineering of the Mississippi," Avaiable: http://waisqvarsa.er.usgs.gov/public/pubs/circ1133/geosetting.html, [date visited 10/3/99, last modified 10/1/96]
Milliman, J.D., and R.H. Meade. 1983. “ World-wide Delivery of River Sediment to the Ocean.” Journal of Geology, 91: 1-21.
Minteer and Manning. 1999. "Pragmatism in Environmental Ethics". Environmental Ethics 21: N3 (191-207)
Mitsch et al. “Reducing Nitrogen Loads Especially Nitrate-Nitrogen to Surface Water, Groundwater, and the Gulf of Mexico.” Available: http://www.nos.noaa.gov/Products/pubs_hypox.html#Topic5 [last modified 3/99]
Montgomery, R.B. 1969. “The Words Naviface and Oxyty.” Journal of Marine Resources 27(1): 161-162.
The Monsanto Company, Available: http://www.monsanto.com [date visited 9/26/99]
Mosley, Bevan E. B., 1999. “Safety and Social Acceptance of Novel Foods.” International Journal of Food Microbiology 50:25-31.
National Biotechnology Information Facility Available: http://www.nbif.org/ [date visited11/26/99]
Noonan, Douglas. 1997. “Saving Commercial Fisheries.” Different Drummer Magazine, Available: http://www.eco.org/free/pubs/DD.MFCMA.html
Nordlee, J. A. Et al., 1996. The New England Journal of Medicine, 14:688-728.
Northeast Midwest Institute Available: http:// www.nemw.org/umcr9811.html [date visited 11/15/99]
Odum, E.P. 1981. The Effects of Stress on the Trajectory of Ecological Succession. In: Stress effects on natural ecosystems, G.W. Barret and Rosenberg (eds.), Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, pp. 43-47.
Omernik, J.M. 1977. “Nonpoint Source-Stream Nutrient Level Relationships: A Nationwide Study.” EPA-600/3-P77-105, 151 p. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Corvallis, OR.
Palmer, Doug. 1999. "U.S. Plans Labels on Genetically Modified Foods," Reuters Business Report, 9/24/99.
Paoletti and Pimentel. 1995. The Environmental and Economic Costs of Herbicide Resistance and Host-Plant Resistance to Plant Pathogens and Insects. Elsevier Science Inc.
Pavela, J.S., J.L. Ross and M.E. Chittenden, Jr. 1983. “Sharp Reductions in Abundance of Fishes and Macroinvertebrates in the Gulf of Mexico off Texas Associated with Hypoxia.” Northeast Gulf Science 6:167-173.
Pearce, Fred. 1996. “To Feed the World, Talk to the Farmers.” New Scientist 152: 6.
Pearson, T.H. and R. Rosenberg. 1978. “Macrobenthic Succession in Relation to Organic Enrichment and Pollution of the Marine Environment.” Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review 16: 229-311.
Pihl, L., S.P. Baden, and R.J. Diaz. 1991. “Effects of Periodic Hypoxia on Distribution of Demersal Fish and Crustaceans.” Marine Biology 108: 349-360.
Pihl, L., S.P. Baden, and L.C. Schaffner. 1992. “Hypoxia-induced Structural Changes in the Diet of Bottom-feeding Fish and Crustacea.” Marine Biology 112: 349-361.
Pro Farmers Editors, Sept. 23 1999. "Summary of Where Major Firms Stand on Acceptance of GEO Corn." Available: http://www.FARMSOURCE.com/NewsTrends/newsarticles.asp-ID=3633 [Date visited 9/26/99, last updated 9/23/99]
Pro Farmers Editors, Sept. 24 1999. "Few Midwest Grain Handlers Segregating GEO from Non-GEO Crops." Available: http://www.FARMSOURCE.com/News_Trends/ID=3642 [Date visited 9/26/99, last updated 9/24/99]
"Progressive Farmer Poll." August 1999. Available: http://www.biotech-info.net/progressive_farmer_poll2.html [Date visited 10/10/99, last updated 8/23/99]
Putze, Aaron. "Conest Focuses on Abundance, Affordability of Food." Available: www.fb.com [last modified 9/ 3/99]
Rabalais, N.N., R.E. Turner, D. Justic, Q. Dortch and W.J. Wiseman, Jr. 1999. Characterization of Hypoxia. Topic #1, Gulf of Mexico Hypoxia Assessment. NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Decision Analysis Series No. xx. NOAA Coastal Ocean Office, Silver Spring, MD. 144 pp + 3 appendices.
Rabalais, N.N., W.J. Wiseman Jr., R.E. Turner, D. Justic`, B.K. Sen Gupta and Q. Dortch. 1996. “Nutrient Changes in the Mississippi River and System Responses on the Adjacent Continental Shelf.” Estuaries 19:386-407.
Rainer, S.F. and R.C. Fitzehardinge. 1981. “Benthic Communities in an Estuary with Periodic Deoxygenation.” Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 32: 227-243.
Raisin, G.W., Mitchell, D.S., Croome, R.L. 1997. The Effectiveness of a Small Constructed Wetland in Ameliorating Diffuse Nutrient Loadings from an Australian Rural Catchment.” Ecological Engineering 9:19-35.
Raisin, G.W, Mitchell, D.S. (1995). “The Use of Wetlands for the Control of Non-Point Source Pollution.” Wat. Sci. Tech 32: 177-18.
Reddy, S.A., Thomas T.L. 1996. Nature Biotechnology 14: 639-642.
Rhoads, D.C. and J.D. Germano. 1986. “Interpreting long-term Changes in Benthic Community Structure: A New Protocol.” Hydrobiologica 142: 291-308.
Rice, Marlin. Bt Monarchs and Bt Corn: Questions and Answers. www.integratedmanagement.net. [last modified 6/8/99]
Ridgeway, J., and J. St. Clair. 1998. A Pocket Guide to Environmental Bad Guys. Thunder Mouth Press, New York.
Rifkin, Jeremy, 1998. "Apocalypse When-" New Scientist 160(2158):34-7.
Robinson, 1996. IN Atieri, Miguel A. 1997. "Environmental Risks of Transgenic Crops: Agroecological Assessment." Available: http://www.biotech-info.net/altieri3.html [Date visited 10/10/99, last updated 5/21/99]
Rosset, Peter. 1999. "Why Genetically Altered Food Won't Conquer Hunger." New York Times.
Saegusa, Asako. “Japan Tightens Rules on GM Crops to Protect the Environment.” Nature 399( 719) 6/24/99.
Shiva, Vandana, “Bioethics in a Third World Issue,” Available: http://online.sfsu.edu/~rone/GE%20Essays/bioethics.htm
Short F.T. and Neckles H.A. 1996. "The Effects of Global Change on Seagrasses." Aquatic botany 63:169-196.
Sierra Club. 1999. “Wetlands, the Dead Zone.” Available: http://www.sierraclub.org/wetlands/deadzone.asp [date visited 9/20/99,last modified: updated weekly]
Simeral, K.D. Associate Professor Ohio State University Fact Sheet, School of Natural Resources “Using Constructed Wetlands for Removing Contaminants from Livestock Wastewater.” Available: http://www.ag.ohio-state.edu/~pjop;ome/a-fact/0005.html [last updated 8/98]
Splash and Hanley. 1995. “Preferences, Information, and Biodiversity Preservation.” Ecological Economics 12: N3 (191-208).
Szarka, Erno. 1999. "Patenting in Biotechnology: A Review of the 20th Symposium of ECB81." Journal of Biotechnology 67, 4/6/99, pp 11.
Tanner, C., Clayton, J., Upsdell, M. 1995. “Effect of Loading Rate and Planting on Treatment of Dairy Farm Wastewaters in Constructed Wetlands II. Removal of Nitrogen and Phosphorous. “ Water Research 29: (27-34).
Taylor, Steven K. July 16, 1999. Missouri Corn Growers Association.
The US Dept. of Agriculture Availble: http://www.usda.gov [date visited 10/25/99]
Union of Concerned Scientists, “Agriculture Biotechnology.” Available: http://www.ucsusa.org/agriculture/gen.risks.html, visited 10/3/99
Unknown author. General Comments. www.noa.noaa.gov/products/pubs. 8/18/99. [last modified 10/ 21/99]
Van Dam, Frans et. Al, “Genetic Engineering and Food Safety: The Consumer Interests.” Available: http://22.214.171.124/consumers/campains/biotech/foodsafe.html [last updated 12/18/96]
Vollenweider, R., Marchetti, R. and R. Viviani. 1992. Marine Coastal Eutrophication. Proceedings of International Conference, Bologna, Italy, March 21-24, 1990. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.
Wadman, Meredith, 1998. “US Farmers Warm to Bioengineered Crops.” Nature 387:221.
Wang P.F.,J. Martin and G. Morrison, 1999. "Water Quality and Eutrophication in Tampa Bay, Florida Estuarine.” Coastal and Shelf Science 49: 1-20.
Wedberg, John and Lauer, Joe. Monarch Butterflies and the Potential Impact of Bt Pollen. Available: www.ipem.wisc.edu. [last visited 9/26/99]
Weiss, Rick, Sept 12,1999. "Food War Claims Its Casualties: High-tech Crop Fight Victimizes Farmers." Washington Post. Available: http://www.biotech-info.net/food_war_claims_farmers.html [Date visited: 9/27/99; last updated: 9/13/99]
Wiseman, W.J. Jr., and F.J. Kelly. 1994. “Salinity Variability within the Louisiana Coastal Current during the 1982 Flood Season.” Estuaries 17(4): 732-739.
Wiseman, W.J. Jr., N.N. Rabalais, R.E. Turner, S.P. Dinnel and A. MacNaughton. 1997. “Seasonal and Interannual Variability within the Louisiana Coastal Current: Stratification and Hypoxia.” Journal of Marine Systems 12: 237-248.
Wiseman, W.J. Jr., R.E. Turner, F.J. Kelly, L.J. Rouse Jr. and R.F. Shaw. 1986. “Analysis of Biological and Chemical Associations Near a Turbid Coastal Front during Winter 1982.” Contributions to Marine Science 29:141-151.
Yoon, Carol Kaesuk. 1998. "A Dead Zone Grows in the Gulf of Mexico." The New York Times.
Author not available. 1999. “ Agriculture: Biotechnology Threatens Food Security, Report Says.” Interpress Service English News Wire, 9/21/99.
Author not available. 1999. "Biotech food// More Than a Blithe Assurance Needed." Minneapolis Star Tribune, 0/19/99, pp 26.
http://www.nacdnet.org. [date visited 10/25/99]
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotech/Bio_qa.html [date visited 10-3-99]
http://www.monsanto.com/ag/articles/envrus.htm [date visited 9-26-99]