Nazi Rise to Power: Chronological Framework

1871 German Unification

1914 - 1918 World War I

1919 Treaty of Versailles

1919 - 1933 Weimar Republic

1919 Spartacus coup attempt to establish Soviet-style revolution.
1920 Kapp putsch: right wing coup attempts to overthrow Weimar; fear of communism.

1923 French occupation of the Ruhr, for failure to pay war reparations



1932 Nazis make huge gains in Reichstag (parliament);
1933 Hitler becomes chancellor. Burning of Reichstag blamed on communists. Hitler suspends civil rights and seizes power end of Weimar Republic