- Encyclopedia of Religion
- "Ancestor worship
- "Domestic Observances:
Chinese practices" (Stevan Harrell)
- "Afterlife: Chinese
concepts (Mu-chou Poo)
- "Soul: Chinese
concepts" (Tu Weiming)
- "Taiwanese Religions"
- The China Quarterly,
vol. 174 (June 2003): special issue on Religion in China Today
- Nova Religio, vol.
12, no. 2 (Nov. 2008): special issue on Charisma in Chinese Religions
- Ahern, Emily, The Cult
of the Dead in a Chinese Village (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press,
- Ahern, Emily, Chinese
Ritual and Politics (NY: Camabridge Univ. Press, 1981)
- Allan, Sarah and Alvin
P. Cohen, eds., Legend, Lore, and Religion in China (SF: Chinese
Materials Center, 1979)
- Arrault, Alain. “Analytic Essay on the Domestic Statuary of Central Hunan: The Cult to Divinities, Parents, and Masters,” Journal of Chinese Religions 36 (2008): 1–53.
- Bishop, Donald H., "Maoism
as a Religion," Religious Humanism, 10.1 (1976), 26-30.
- Blake, C. Fred, Burning Money: The Material Spirit of the Chinese Lifeworld (Honolulu: Univ. of Hawaii Press, 2011)
- Bosco, Joseph, "Yiguan
Dao: 'Heterodoxy' and Popular Religion in Taiwan," in The Other
Taiwan, 1945 to the Present, ed. Murray A. Rubinstein (Armonk: M.E.
- Bruun, Ole, Fengshui
in China: Geomantic Divination Between State Orthodoxy and Popular Religion,†
foreword by Stephan Feuchtwang (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press,
- Chan, Wing-hoi, "Observations
at the jiu [chiao] festival of Shek-o and Tai-long-wan, 1986,"
Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society,
26 (1986), 78-101.
- Chau, Adam Yuet, Miraculous
Response: Doing Popular Religion in Contemporary China (Stanford:†
Stanford University Press, 2006)
- Chau, Adam Yuet, ed., Religion
in Contemporary China: Revitalization and Innovation (Oxford:
- Chesneaux, Jean, ed. Popular Movements and Secret Societies in China, 1840-1950. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972.
- Chuang, Ying-chang, "A
comparison of Hokkien and Hakka ancestor worship," Bulletin
of the Institute of Ethnology 69 (Taipei: Academia Sinica, 1990),
- Clammer, John R., ed.,
Studies in Chinese Folk Religion in Singapore and Malaysia (Singapore
Univ., Dept. of Sociology, 1983): e.g. "Confucianism as Folk Religion
in Singapore: A Note," by Leo Juat Beh and John Clammer.
- Clart, Philip and Charles
B. Jones, eds., Religion in Modern Taiwan: Tradition and Innovation in a Changing
Society †(Honolulu: Univ. of Hawaii Press, 2003): several
articles on popular religion
- Clart, Philip and Paul
Crowe, eds., The
People and the Dao. New Studies in Chinese Religions in Honour of Daniel
L. Overmyer (Sankt Augustin: Institut Monumenta Serica, 2009)
- Clart, Philip, "Chinese Popular Religion," in Randall Nadeau, ed., The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Chinese Religions (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012)
- Clart, Philip, ed., Chinese and European Perspectives on the Study of Chinese Popular Religions. Taipei: Boyang Publishing, 2012.
- Cooper, Gene. The Market and Temple Fairs of Rural China: Red Fire (London: Routledge, 2012)
- Dean, Kenneth, Taoist
Ritual and Popular Cults of Southeast China (Princeton, 1993)
- Dean, Kenneth, "Despotic
empire/nation‑state: Local responses to Chinese nationalism in
an age of global capitalism," in Chen Kuan‑hsing ed., Trajectories:
Inter‑Asia Cultural Studies (Routledge, 1998), 153‑185,
esp. 164‑185. (In spite of the title, it contains a summary of
Dean's own fascinating work on Taoist cults in South China.)
- Dean, Kenneth. Lord
of the Three in One:† The Spread of a Cult in Southeast China. (Princeton,
- Dean, Kenneth and Zheng
Zhenman. Ritual Alliances of the Putian Plain. 2 vols. Leiden:
Brill, 2010 .
- DeGlopper, Donald R.†
Lukang:† Commerce and Community in a Chinese City (SUNY, 1995)
- Dott, Brian R. Identity
Reflections: Pilgrimages to Mount Tai in Late Imperial China. Cambridge:
Harvard University Asia Center, 2004
- DuBois, Thomas David, The
Sacred Village: Social Change and Religious Life in Rural North China
(Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2005)
- Ebrey, Patricia, "The
liturgies for sacrifices to ancestors in successive versions of the
family rituals," in Ritual and Scripture in Chinese Popular
Religion, ed. David Johnson (Univ. Calif. Press, 1995)
- Fan Lizhu, "Popular
Religion in Contemporary China" Social Compass 50, no.
4 (December 2003): 449-457 .
- Feuchtwang, Stephan, "School-Temple
and City God," in The City in Late Imperial China, ed. G.
William Skinner (Stanford Univ. Press, 1977)
- Feuchtwang, Stephan, and
Wang Ming-ming, "The
Politics of Culture or a Contest of Histories: Representations of Chinese
Popular Religion," in Dialectical Anthropology, Volume 16,
issue 3-4 (September 1991): 251-272.
- Feuchtwang, Stephan, The
Imperial Metaphor: Popular Religion in China (London: Routledge,
- Fu Pei-jung and Lin Bor-liang,
"Confucian Ritual in Modern Form," Free China Review,
38.1 (1988), 46-49
- Gong Jianlong, "Why
are superstitious activities on the rise again?† An investigation of
rural superstitious activities in Chuansha County, Shanghai Municipality,"
Chinese Sociology and Anthropology, 16.1-2 (1983-84), 204-211.
- Gordon, Arvan, "A
change in the Chinese understanding of 'religion'," Religion
in Communist Lands, 14.2 (1986), 210-212.
- Harrell, Stevan, Ploughshare
Village: Culture and Context in Taiwan (Seattle: Univ. of Washington
- Harrell, Stevan, "Men,
Women, and Ghosts in Taiwanese Folk Religion," in Gender and
Religion, ed. Caroline Walker Bynum (Boston: 1986), ch. 4,
- Hsieh Jih-chang and Chuang
ying-chang, eds., The Chinese Family and its Ritual Behavior
(Taipei: Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, 1985)
- Jochim, Christian, "Flowers,
fruit, and incense: elite versus popular in Taiwan's religion of the
Yellow Emperor," Modern China, 16.1 (1990): 3-38.
- Johnson, David, Andrew
J. Nathan, and Evelyn S. Rawski.† Popular Culture in Late Imperial
China (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985)
- Johnson, David, ed., Ritual
and Scripture in Chinese Popular Religion: Five Studies (Berkeley:†
Chinese Popular Culture Project, IEAS Publications, University of California,
- Jordan, David K., "Chinese
pietism: syncretic movements in modern Taiwan," in Folk Culture,
ed. C.R. Das (New Delhi, 1983)
- Jordan, David K., Gods,
Ghosts, and Ancestors: The Folk Religion of a Taiwanese Village
(Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press, 1972)
- Jordan, David K., and Daniel
L. Overmyer, The Flying Phoenix: Aspects of Chinese Sectarianism
in Taiwan (Princeton Univ. Press, 1986)
- Jordan, David K., Andrew
D. Morris, and Marc L. Moskowitz, eds., The Minor Arts of Daily Life:
Popular Culture in Taiwan (University of Hawai'i Press, 2004)
- Journal of Asian Studies,
vol.54, No.2 (May 1995). "Chinese Religions: The State of the
Field (Part II) -- Living Religious Traditions: Taoism, Confucianism,
Buddhism, Islam, and Popular Religion"
- Kagan, Richard C and Anna
Wasescha, "The Taiwanese tang-ki: the shaman as commuity
healer and protector," in Social Interaction in Chinese Society,
ed. Sidney L. Breenblatt, et. al. (NY, 1982)
- Kang, Xiaofei, The Cult
of the Fox: Power, Gender, and Popular Religion in Late Imperial and
Modern China (New York: Columbia University Press, 2006)
- Katz, Paul R.,† Demon
Hordes and Burning Boats: The Cult of Marshal Wen in Late Imperial Chekiang
(SUNY 1995) (Description)
- Paul R. Katz, Images
of the immortal : the cult of Lu Dongbin at the Palace of Eternal Joy
(Honolulu: Univ. of Hawaii Press, )
- Katz, Paul R. and Murray
A. Rubinstein, eds., Religion and the Formation of Taiwanese Identities
(New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
- Introduction: The Many
Meanings of Identity ‑ Paul A. Katz & Murray A. Rubinstein
- On the Origins and
Transformation of Taiwanese National Identity ‑ Chang Maukuei
- Shifting National Identities
in Public Spheres: A Cultural Account of Political Transformation
in Taiwan ‑ Duujian Tsai
- Puppet Theater and
Taiwanese Cultural Identity ‑ Wu Su‑mei
- The Quest for Difference
Versus the Wish to Assimilate ‑ Michael Rudolph
- Martial Cults in Southwestern
Taiwan ‑ Avran Boretz
- Questions of Religion
and Identity ‑ P. Steven Sangren
- Kuo, Z.Y. and Y.H. Lam,
"Chinese Religious Behavior and the Deification of Mao Tse-tung,"
Psychological Record, 18 (1968), 455-468.
- Lagerwey, John, ed., Religion
and Chinese Society, vol. 2: Taoism and Local Religion in Modern
China (Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2004).
- Liao Hsien-huei. "Encountering
Evil: Ghosts and Demonic Forces in the Lives of the Song Elite."
Journal of Song-Yuan Studies 37 (2007): 89-134.
- Lin, Wei-ping. Materializing Magic Power: Chinese Popular Religion in Villages and Cities
(Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2015).
- Lu, Yunfeng. The Transformation
of Yiguan Dao in Taiwan: Adapting to a Changing Religious Economy.
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.
- Luo Zhufeng, ed., Religion
Under Socialism in China.† M.E. Sharpe, 1991.
- MacInnis, Donald E., "Maoism:
The Religious Analogy," Christian Century, 85 (10 jan 1968),
- Martin, Helmut, Cult
& Canon: The Origins and Development of State Maoism (Armonk:
M.E. Sharpe, 1982)
- Naquin, Susan and Chun‑fang
Yu, eds., Pilgrims and Sacred Sites in China (Berkeley: Univ.
Calif.† Press, 1992.
- Overmyer, Daniel L. Folk
Buddhist Religion: Dissenting Sects in Late Traditional China. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press, 1976.
- Overmyer, Daniel L. "From
'Feudal Superstition' to 'Popular Beliefs': New Directions in Mainland
Chinese Studies of Chinese Popular Religion. Cahiers d'Extrême-Asie
- Ownby, David, "The
Heaven and Earth Society as Popular Religion," Journal of Asian
Studies 54.4 (1995): 1023‑1046.
- Ownby, David, "Sect
and Secularism in Reading the Modern Chinese Religious Experience,"
Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions, 144 (2008).
- Palmer, David A. Qigong
Fever: Body, Science, and Utopia in China. NY: Columbia Univ. Press,
- Pas,†Julian, ed. The
Turning of the Tide: Religion in China Today.† Oxford, 1989.
- Pas, Julian, "The
Human Gods of China: New Perspectives on the Chinese Pantheon,"
in Koichi Shinohara and Gregory Schopen, eds., From Benares to Beijing:
Essays on Buddhism and Chinese Religion in Honour of Prof. Jan YŁn-hua
(Oakville, Ont.: Mosaic Press, 1991), pp. 129-160.
- Rubinstein, Murray A.,
"The Revival of the Mazu Cult and of Taiwanese Pilgrimage to Fujian,"
in Harvard Studies on Taiwan: Papers of the Taiwan Studies Workshop,
vol. 1 (Cambridge: Fairbank Center for East Asian Research at Harvard
University), pp. 89-125.
- Sangren, P. Steven, "Female
gender in Chinese religious symbols: Kuan-yin, Matsu, and the 'eternal
mother'," Signs 9 (1983), 4-25
- Sangren, P. Steven, History
and Magical Power in a Chinese Community (Stanford UP, 1987)
- Sangren, P. Steven, "History
and Rhetoric of Legitimacy: The Matsu Cult of Taiwan," Comparative
Studies in Society and History, 30 (1988), 674-697.
- Sangren, P. Steven, "Power
and Transcendence in the Ma Tsu Pilgrimages of Taiwan," American
Ethnology, 20 (1993), no. 3: 564-582.
- Schipper, Kristofer, "The
cult of Pao-sheng ta-ti and its spread to Taiwan: a case study of fen-hsiang,"
in Development and Decline of Fukien Province in the 17th
and 18th Centuries, ed. Edward B. Vermeer (Leiden, 1990)
- Seaman, Gary, Temple
Organization in a Chinese Village (Taipei: Orient Cultural Service,
Asian Folklore and Social Life Monographs, vol. 101, 1978)
- Seiwert, Hubert, "Religious
response to modernization in Taiwan: the case of I-kuan tao," JHKBRAS
21 (1981), 43-70.
- Shahar, Meir and Robert
P. Weller, eds., Unruly Gods:† Divinity and Society in China (Univ.
of Hawaii Press, 1996):
- Introduction: Gods
and Society in China / Meir Shahar, Robert P. Weller
- Personal Relations
and Bureaucartic Hierarchy in Chinese Religion: Evidence from the
Song Dynasty / Robert Hymes
- Enlightened Alchemist
or Immoral Immortal? The Growth of Lu Dongbin's Cult in Late Imperial
China / Paul R. Katz
- The Lady Linshui: How
a Woman Became a Goddess / Brigitte Baptandier
- Myths, Gods, and Family
Relations / P. Steven Sangren
- Vernacular Fiction
and the Transmission of Gods' Cults in Late Imperial China / Meir
- Transmission in Popular
Religion: The Jiajiang Festival Troupe of Southern Taiwan / Donald
- Matricidal Magistrates
and Gambling Gods: Weak States and Strong Spirits in China / Weller
- Siu, Helen "Recycling
ritual" In P. Link, R. Madsen and P. Pickowicz eds., Unofficial
China: Popular Culture and Thought in the People's Republic, Boulder:
- Smith, Henry N., "Ancestor
practices in contemporary Hong Kong: Religious ritual or social custom?"
The Asia Journal of Theology (Singapore), 3 (1989): 31-45.
- Song, Arthur, "The
inviting home of the soul ceremony as practiced in the Song Loh Yee
village (Canton) in 1988," Journal for the Study of Religion
(Univ. of Natal), 4.2 (1991):65-80
- Sterckx, Roel, ed., Of
Tripod and Palate: Food, Politics and Religion in Traditional China
(NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
- Stevens, Keith G., "Portrait
and ancestral images on Chinese altars," Arts of Asia, 19.1
- Suenari, Michio, "The
'religious family' among the Chinese of Central Taiwan," in
Religion and the Family in East Asia, ed.George A. De Vos and Takao
Sofue (University of California Press, 1986), pp. 169-184.
- Sutton, Donald S. Steps
of Perfection: Exorcistic Performers and Chinese Religion in Twentieth-Century
Taiwan (Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center, 2003)
- Tam Wai Lun, "Local
Religion in Contemporary China," in James Miller, ed., Chinese
Religions in Contemporary Societies (Santa Barbara: ABC‑CLIO,
- Tong, Chee Kiong, "Traditional
Chinese Customs in Modern Singapore," in Yong Man Cheong, ed.,
Asian Traditions and Modernization: Perspectives from Singapore.†
(National Univ. of Singapore, Centre for Advanced Studies, 1992)
- Von Glahn, Richard, The
Sinister Way: The Divine and the Demonic in Chinese Religious Culture
(Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004)
- Watson, James L., and Evelyn
S. Rawski, Death Ritual in Late Imperial and Modern China (Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1988)
- Weller, Robert P., Unities
and Diversities in Chinese Religion (Univ. Washington Press, 1987)
- Weller, Robert P., Resistance,
Chaos and Control in China: Taiping Rebels, Taiwanese Ghosts and Tiananmen
†(NY: Macmillan, 1994)
- Weller, Robert P., "Capitalism,
Community, and the Rise of Amoral Cults in Taiwan," in Charles
F. Keyes, Laurel Kendall, Helen Hardacre, Eds.,† Asian Visions of
Authority: Religion and the Modern States of East and Southeast Asia
(Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1994).
- Weller, Robert P., Unruly
Gods: Divinity and Society in China (see Shahar above)
- Weller, Robert P., "Identity
and Social Change in Taiwanese Religion," in Taiwan: A New History,
ed. Murray A. Rubinstein (Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 1999)
- Wolf, Arthur P., Religion
and Ritual in Chinese Society (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1974)
- Wu, K.C., The Chinese
Heritage (NY: Crown, 1982), Intro, sec. 2: Religion without priesthood,
7-16; sec. 3, Ancestral veneration, 16-20