1/20/2023
Methods of Collecting Data
 Census
 Sample
 Experiment
 Observational Study
 Anecdotal Evidence
The Idea Behind Sampling
 parameters versus statistics
Exploration with RStudio
 Open ClassDataS23.R in our Google Drive folder !ClasscsvRscripts and run the commands on your laptop
 I will come around and help you with individual questions, but please work together to get comfortable with RStudio. You can also search on Google (or your favorite search engine) for lots of other examples to get started with R.
Suggested In Class Exercises (Time to explore R on your own or with a partner.)
Note: A new file has been added to our !ClasscsvRscripts folder. Please use ClassDataS23_Updated for the in class exercises today. The files are set up the same way, but the updated file contains data for more students.
 Construct appropriate graphs to visually summarize the information collected on the class data survey for the following variables:
 Year
 Height
 Handedness
 Age
 HometownSize
 PulseRate
 TextMessages
 Varsity
 CatsDogs
 ExerciseMinutes
 FootLength
 Use appropriate graphical displays and descriptive statistics to make appropriate comparisons between cat and dog lovers for different variables in the data set we collected during the first class.
 Use appropriate graphical displays and descriptive statistics to make appropriate comparisons between the class years for different variables in the data set we collected during the first class.
 Is the shape of the distribution for guesses of the length of the black string the same as the distribution of guesses for the length of the white string?
 The actual length of the white sting is 46". Is the overall distribution of guesses centered at this value?
 The actual length of the black string is 48". Is the overall distribution of guesses centered at the appropriate value?
 (Do this exercise "by hand," not with R.) Caution is necessary when constructing histograms
from frequency distributions given in magazines, newspapers, journal articles,
etc. The authors of "SelfReports of Academic Performance," an article
which appeared in Soc. Methods and Research (1981), studied the difference
in GPA, reported  actual, for each of the students in a sample. Specify
the height of each bar in a correct histogram for the frequency distribution
below and sketch the histogram.
Frequency distribution for errors in reported
GPA
Class Interval 
Relative Frequency 
Height 
[2.0, 0.4) 
.023 

[0.4, 0.2) 
.055 

[0.2, 0.1) 
.097 

[0.1, 0.0) 
.210 

[ 0.0, 0.1) 
.189 

[ 0.1, 0.2) 
.139 

[ 0.2, 0.4) 
.116 

[ 0.4, 2.0) 
.171 

Please read Section 1.4 for class on Monday.