|The reaper held and cut the grain and then dropped it on a platform. It required eight to ten people to operate. One would drive the horse, another would rake the platform, and the rest would bind and shock the crops. A few years later, a new type of reaper was developed which only took three people to operate. It raked the platform and put the grain into piles by itself. In the 1870's a tool called the binder was developed which further decreased the number of people needed to harvest. The binder cut the grain, then wrapped and tied a wire around it.|
Photo by Ben Shahn
A Farmer from 1890
Technology Tidbit!: Many farmers were unable to afford new agricultural machinery, so they relied on those who had the technolgy to help them farm! Farmers relied on their neighbors for help!
Courtesy of Knox County Historical Society
|1920 Gas powered farm machinery begins to be used|
|1933 Start of the chemical revolution in agriculture|
|1945 Combines replace threshers|
|1945 Start of the mechanical revolution in agriculture|
|1993 Satellite technology begins to be used|
Technology Tidbit!: Combines harvested and threshed grains such as corn and wheat. They cut the plant, stripped the grain from the ear or stalk, and then put the grain in a storgae bin, all while moving through the fields!
What did these changes do to the way farmers farmed?