The Priest and the Prophet (Max Weber)
Prophet: either a renewer of a religion or a founder of a new religion
--authority is charismatic (set apart from ordinary humans and regarded as extraordinary)
--irrational (does not fit rules)
--radical reorientation of values
--hostile to everyday concerns
--can only originate, cannot sustain
--lack of formal organization
--present at genesis of things, must eventually become "routinized"
--one method of routinization is the priest
Priest: upholds the status quo and served as the "reinforcement of the stability of societies"
--authority rests in his office rather than in his person
--focused upon everyday living
--highly organized methods for transferring authority
--a ritual functionary who is part of an organized system