IMPORTANT NAMES IN THE HISTORY OF ZEN IN AMERICA

Soyen (Soen) Shaku:    abbot of Engakuji (Kyoto)
  1893 World's Parliament of Religions, Chicago
  1905 came again to U.S. (San Francisco)

D.T. Suzuki (1870-1966):   student of Soyen Shaku
  1897 came to to work with Paul Carus (LaSalle, Ill.)
  1907 back to Japan
  1911 married Beatrice Lane
  1936 lectured in England, met Alan Watts
  1939 came to (Hawaii, California)
  1951 moved to New York, began seminars at Columbia (until 1957); students included Philip Kapleau, Erich Fromm, John Cage, Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac
  1957 helped establish Cambridge Buddhist Association

Nyogen Senzaki:   student of Soyen Shaku
  1905 came to U.S. with Soyen (SF, LA); established Mentorgarten and "floating zendo
  1955 returned to Japan, died 195

Sokei-an:

1906 came to U.S. with Sokatsu Shaku (another student of Soyen Shaku)
  1916 moved to New York
  1931 established Buddhist Society of America (later First Zen Institute)
  1944 married Ruth Fuller Everett, Alan Watts' mother-in-law (she then became Ruth Fuller Sasaki

Alan Watts (1915-1973)
  1938 came from England to New York with wife and mother-in-law, Ruth Fuller Everett; all three worked closely with Sokei-an
  1940s became Episcopal minister
  1957 published The Way of Zen; became as well-known as D.T. Suzuk

Ruth Fuller Sasaki:  1944  married Sokei-an

  1949 moved to Kyoto (Daitokuji), organized Rinzai translation project (translators included Philip Yampolsky, Seizan Yanagida, Burton Watson, Gary Snyder)

Shunryu Suzuki: 1959  came to U.S. as priest of Sokoji, or Soto Zen Mission, SF; founded Zen Center of San Francisco; died 1971

Taizan Maezumi:    1956  came to U.S.
  1968 founded Zen Center of Los Angeles
  1995 died; successors founded White Plum Sangha (network of Zen centers)

Hakuun Yasutani:  Sanbo Kyodan school of Zen (combines Soto and Rinzai methods); trained Kapleau, Eido and Maezumi

Philip Kapleau: early 1950s: attended D.T. Suzuki's lectures at Columbia
  1953 moved to Japan for Zen training, studied with Yasutani
  1965 published The Three Pillars of Zen
  1966 founded Rochester Zen Center
  2004 died

Robert Aitken: 1942   met R.H. Blyth in POW camp in Japan
  1950s studied with Nakagawa Soen and Yasutani-roshi in Japan and Nyogen Senzaki in LA
  1959 founded Diamond Sangha, Honolulu

Gary Snyder:    1951    read D.T. Suzuki's Essays in Zen Buddhism
  1952-  studied Chinese and Japanese at UC Berkeley; met Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac
  1956-65 studied Zen at Daitokuji, Kyoto (with short U.S. interlude in 1958)
  1975 won Pulitzer Prize for Turtle Island

Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg 1951- attended D.T. Suzuki's talks at Columbia
  met Gary Snyder
  1969  Kerouac died
  1997 Ginsburg died

Eido Tai Shimano:   Roshi of Zen Studies Society, New York City

Thich Thien-an: Vietnamese Rinzai master; founded International Buddhist Meditation Center (LA, late 1960s), and University of Oriental Studies (LA, 1973); died 1980

Thich Nhat-hanh: Founded Tiep Hien ("Interbeing") Order in Vietnam; "engaged Buddhism;" now based in Plum Village, near Bordeaux, France

Richard Baker: 1971    succeeded Shunryu Suzuki as abbot of San Francisco Zen Center; forced out in 1983

Dainin Katagiri: Assistant to Shunryu Suzuki at SFZC: founded Minnesota Zen Meditation Center in Minneapolis, 1970; died 1990

Sheng Yen: 1976  Came to New York from Taiwan; founded Chan Meditation in Elmhurst, Queens (American branch of Dharma Drum Mountain in Taiwan)

Bernard Tetsugen Glassman First dharma successor to Maezumi Roshi, ZCLA; founded Zen Community of New York and Zen Peacemaker Order