America in the 1960s

The 1960's were a socially and politically turbulent time for black Americans. The Civil Rights growling of the 1950s had now become a voracious roar. The largely student-run groups like the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee took an active role in the Movement, with sit-ins and other protests. While tremendous progress was made like the Civil Rights legislation passed in 1964, this progress did not come without much violence and death.
Among other significant events of the decade, United States President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963; the Black Panther Party was formed in 1966; Black Nationalist Malcolm X was assassinated in 1965, as was Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968.

Growing weary of the passive resistance from earlier years, activists in the mid-to-late 1960s began to take a more aggressive and proactive approach to Civil Rights. Several race riots erupted in the nation's major cities such as Cleveland, Chicago, Harlem, and Philadelphia as expressions of social frustration.
Protests of the Vietnam War (1965-1975) occurred all over the country, but particularly on college campuses. Towards the end of the decade, student activism not only continued, but also increased dramatically. Most tragically, student protests at Jackson State University (a predominately black institution in Mississippi) and Kent State University in Ohio resulted in student shootings by United States National Guard troops. Among several wounded students, four students were killed at Kent State, while two students were killed in the Jackson State incident.

Bullets and blood on a dorm Floor at Jackson State

Students at the Kent State Shooting

More Information on the Vietnam War

Vietnam Online Timeline

More Information on Kent and Jackson State

Kenyon in the 1960s


Black Students @ Kenyon in the 1960s